7月8日:基督教圣基利安、圣托纳和圣柯尔曼纪念日

日期:2020-07-08 05:58:53 作者:节日 浏览: 查看评论 加入收藏

689年7月8日,圣基利安(Saint Kilian)、圣托纳(德语:Heilige Totnan) 、圣柯尔曼(Saint Colman (martyr))三人维尔茨堡广场传教,被盖拉娜情况,派士兵将三人一起斩首,每年7月8日被定为三圣纪念日。

维尔茨堡明斯特教堂里基利安、托纳、柯尔曼木雕(从左至右),由里门施奈德雕刻

圣托纳(德语:Heilige Totnan,?年-689年) 一位元7世纪生、今德国境内弗兰肯传教爱尔兰传教士,他圣基利安、圣柯尔曼弗兰肯共行基督教传播。689年,他与他共事两名传教士一殉难维尔茨堡,圣托纳死成为维尔茨堡教守护神之一。
Saint Totnan (7th Century – c. 689 AD) an Irish Franconian apostle. He was born in Ireland and was martyred along with Saint Colman and Saint Kilian in Würzburg around 689. After Saint Totnan died, he was named patron saint of the Bishopric of Würzburg.[1] Saint Totnan's Statue was located in Alte Mainbruecke.
圣基里安,也拼写为Killian(或者爱尔兰语:Cillian;拉丁语:Kilianus),一位爱尔兰传教士主教佛朗哥(Franconia现巴伐利亚北部)使徒,他7世纪末
Saint Kilian, also spelled Killian (or alternatively Irish: Cillian; Latin: Kilianus), was an Irish missionary bishop and the Apostle of Franconia (Franconia is nowadays the northern part of Bavaria), where he began his labours towards the end of the 7th century. His feast day is 8 July.
有好几传记。最古老文献提8世纪维尔茨堡尸检赫拉班努斯·毛鲁士殉道中通知。名字拼写有几(如Chillian、Killian、Cilian、Kilian)。爱尔兰,人拼写Cillian;名字爱尔兰礼拜日历
There are several biographies of him. The oldest texts which refer to him are an 8th-century necrology at Würzburg and the notice by Hrabanus Maurus in his martyrology. The name has several variations in spelling (e.g. Chillian, Killian, Cilian, Kilian). In Ireland, the preferred spelling is Cillian; the name appears thus in the Irish liturgical calendar.
根据爱尔兰消息来源,基里安640年爱尔兰卡文郡毛拉附近Cloughballybeg。一些记录表明,基里安曾海伊著名修道院担任僧侣,Hy来被称为爱奥那早期名称。[2]他科克郡罗斯卡伯里(Ross School of Ross)接受教育,并克里郡图奥斯斯特(Tuosist)完成学
According to Irish sources, Kilian was born to noble parents in approximately the year 640 in Cloughballybeg, near Mullagh, County Cavan, Ireland. Some records state that Kilian served as a monk in the celebrated monastery at Hy, Hy being an early name for what was later known as Iona. He began his education in Rosscarbery (the School of Ross), County Cork and completed it in Tuosist in County Kerry.
686年夏天,基利安带着11名伴,穿卢来罗马,接受教皇传教士教职,深秋时节抵达罗马,与教皇科农面。[3]从那里他沃尔茨堡城堡,那里住着(东兰克语)戈兹伯特爵[de]居住地方,他人民一样,仍然异教徒
In the summer of 686 Kilian, with eleven companions, travelled through Gaul to Rome to receive missionary faculties from the pope, arriving in late autumn and meeting with Pope Conon.[3] From there they traveled to the castle of Würzburg, inhabited by the (east Frankish) Duke Gozbert [de], who was, like his people, still pagan.
最初一群人分——一些人离去寻找其他传教领域,而圣基利安伴科尔曼神父(也称科洛南或科洛纳特)迪肯·托特南留维尔茨堡。基里安把城镇为他活动基地,东弗朗索尼亚图林根断扩,并使戈兹伯特部分耩б阑浇
The original group separated  — some departing to seek other fields of missionary work, while St. Kilian with two companions, the priest Colmán (also called Colonan or Kolonat) and the deacon Totnan, remained in Würzburg. Kilian made this town as the base of his activity, which extended over an ever-increasing area in East Franconia and Thuringia, and converted Duke Gozbert with a large part of his subjects to Christianity.
基里安告诉爵,他与他哥哥遗孀盖拉娜结婚,违反。基利安没能皈依基督教盖拉娜听基利安反她结婚话,她非常生气,情况,她让士兵被派维尔茨堡主要广场,基利安那里布道,并将他伴科尔曼托特南一起斩首。
Kilian told the Duke that he was in violation of sacred scripture by being married to his brother's widow, Geilana. When Geilana, whom Kilian had failed to convert to Christianity, heard of Kilian's words against her marriage, she was so angry that, in the absence of the duke, she had her soldiers sent to the main square of Würzburg, where Kilian and his colleagues were preaching, and had him beheaded, along with two of his companions, Colmán and Totnan.
博尼斯任命圣伯查德为维尔茨堡第一位主教,他殉难者去世地方修建一座教堂,并将他遗物土并埋葬教堂拱顶内。
Saint Burchard, appointed by Boniface as the first bishop of Würzburg, built a cathedral on the spot where the martyrs were said to have met their deaths and had their relics unearthed and buried within a vault of that cathedral church.
镶嵌着宝石头骨保存至今。圣基利安节那天,一装有三头骨玻璃箱从地室中取群人面游行穿街道,并维尔茨堡教堂(献给基利安)展三位圣人塑像排成一行排横跨缅因河著名圣人桥
Their skulls, inlaid with precious stones, have been preserved to this day. On St Kilian's day, a glass case containing the three skulls is removed from a crypt, paraded through the streets before large crowds, and put on display in Würzburg Cathedral (dedicated to Kilian). Statues of these three saints (among others) line the famous Saints' Bridge across the River Main.
圣基利安风湿病患者守护神之一。
St. Kilian is one of the patron saints for sufferers of rheumatism.
基里安克里郡矶浇图奥斯特教守护神,据信他往德国之就住那里。一座教堂圣井以他名字命名,他节日7月8日,传统庆祝方式,人井里祈祷,然社交活动。
Kilian is the patron saint of the parish of Tuosist, near Kenmare in County Kerry, where he is believed to have resided before travelling to Germany. A church and holy well are named after him and his feast day, July 8, is traditionally celebrated with a pattern when crowds visit the well for prayers, followed by evening social events.
他也德国帕德伯恩守护神。
He is also the patron saint of Paderborn, Germany.
基里安通常被描绘成戴着主教帽,手持一把剑,他殉难工具(如他维尔茨堡雕像)。
Kilian is usually portrayed wearing a bishop's mitre and holding a sword, which was the instrument of his martyrdom (as in his statue at Würzburg).

Saint Colman or Kolonat (Irish: Colmán; Irish: Colomannus; c. 600 – c. 689 AD in Würzburg) was an Irish-born Christian missionary. He was a companion of Kilian and Totnan as missionaries to Franconia. The Saint Colman's day feast is celebrated on October 27.
 
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